Notes & Commentary:
Ver. 8. Corrupt. Hebrew, “scoffers,” who provoke both God and men.
Ver. 9. Rest; or bring him to hear reason. (Calmet) — Septuagint, “a wise man shall rule nations; but the wicked being angry, is laughed at, and does not frighten.”
Ver. 10. Soul. They wish to protect the upright, Psalm cxli. 5.
Ver. 13. Enlightener. Septuagint, “visitor,” with punishment, as they seem to speak of palliated usury, which cannot escape God. See chap. xxii. 2.
Ver. 18. Prophecy, by the urim, or by the mouth of prophets, who were in great power and estimation, 3 Kings i. 24., and xii. 23., and 2 Paralipomenon xxv. 6., and xxviii. 8. (Calmet) — Septuagint, “There shall be none to explain the law to the impious nation.” (Haydock) — When pastors are wanting, all goes to ruin, 1 Corinthians xi. 4. (Ven. Bede) (Calmet)
Ver. 20. Amendment. St. Jerome (ad Evag.) says, after Thucydides: “Ignorance produces confidence, and learning fear.”
Ver. 24. Soul, and exposeth himself to death, though this was only inflicted for stealing a man, Exodus xxi. 16. The night-thief might also be killed in the fact, Exodus xxii. 2. But if the person who had stolen denied it on oath, he was put to death for perjury, Leviticus v. 1.
Ver. 25. Fall. Human respects will not long preserve him from sin. (Calmet) — Septuagint have a double version: “Those who fear and are ashamed of men, shall be thrown down. But he who confideth in the Lord, shall rejoice. Impiety overturneth man, while he who trusteth in the Lord shall be saved.” (Grabe) (Haydock)
Bible Text & Cross-references:
1 The man that with a stiff neck despiseth him that reproveth him, shall suddenly be destroyed: and health shall not follow him.
2 When just men increase, the people shall rejoice: when the wicked shall bear rule, the people shall mourn.
3 A man that loveth wisdom, rejoiceth his father: but he that maintaineth harlots, shall squander away his substance.
4 A just king setteth up the land: a covetous man shall destroy it.
5 A man that speaketh to his friend with flattering and dissembling words, spreadeth a net for his feet.
6 A snare shall entangle the wicked man when he sinneth: and the just shall praise and rejoice.
7 The just taketh notice of the cause of the poor: the wicked is void of knowledge.
8 Corrupt men bring a city to ruin: but wise men turn away wrath.
9 If a wise man contend with a fool, whether he be angry, or laugh, he shall find no rest.
10 Blood-thirsty men hate the upright: but just men seek his soul.
11 A fool uttereth all his mind: a wise man deferreth, and keepeth it till afterwards.
12 A prince that gladly heareth lying words, hath all his servants wicked.
13 *The poor man and the creditor have met one another: the Lord is the enlightener of them both.
14 The king that judgeth the poor in truth, his throne shall be established for ever.
15 *The rod and reproof give wisdom: but the child that is left to his own will, bringeth his mother to shame.
16 When the wicked are multiplied, crimes shall be multiplied: but the just shall see their downfall.
17 Instruct thy son and he shall refresh thee, and shall give delight to thy soul.
18 When prophecy shall fail, the people shall be scattered abroad: but he that keepeth the law, is blessed.
19 A slave will not be corrected by words: because he understandeth what thou sayest, and will not answer.
20 Hast thou seen a man hasty to speak? folly is rather to be looked for, than his amendment.
21 He that nourisheth his servant delicately from his childhood, afterwards shall find him stubborn.
22 A passionate man provoketh quarrels: and he that is easily stirred up to wrath, shall be more prone to sin.
23 *Humiliation followeth the proud: and glory shall uphold the humble of spirit.
24 He that is partaker with a thief, hateth his own soul: he heareth one putting him to his oath, and discovereth not.
25 He that feareth man shall quickly fall: he that trusteth in the Lord, shall be set on high.
26 Many seek the face of the prince: but the judgment of every one cometh forth from the Lord.
27 The just abhor a wicked man: and the wicked loathe them that are in the right way.
The son that keepeth the word, shall be free from destruction.
13: Proverbs xxii. 2.
15: Proverbs xxiii. 13. and xxix. 17.
23: Job xxii. 29.