Zacharias iv.

Notes & Commentary:

Ver. 1. Again. He had been with Jesus, chap. iii. (Calmet)

Ver. 2. A candlestick, &c. The temple of God that was then in building; and in a more sublime sense, the Church of Christ. (Challoner) — Some, with the Jews, apply this to the synagogue: but most explain it of the Church, the lamp denoting Christ, and the seven lights all his pastors; the two olives, Enoch and Elias, Apocalypse xi. (Worthington) — The angel explains the latter of Jesus and Zorobabel, ver. 14. The lights are the same with the angels, (ver. 10) and eyes, (chap. iii. 9.) subservient to these great men. Perhaps no candlestick of this description ever existed, though it alludes to that of Moses in some respects, Exodus xxxvii. (Calmet) — Lamp. Hebrew gullah, (Haydock) a round vessel for oil. (Menochius) — It was filled from the two olive-trees, and supplied the seven lights by tubes. (Haydock)

Ver. 5. Are? Thou art a prophet, and art thou ignorant? (Menochius)

Ver. 6. To Zorobabel. This vision was in favour of Zorobabel, to assure him of success in the building of the temple, which he had begun, signified by the candlestick; the lamp of which, without any other industry, was supplied with oil dropping from the two olive-trees, and distributed by the seven funnels or pipes, to maintain the seven lights. (Challoner) — Zorobabel might thus be comforted with the assurance that God would protect his Church. (Worthington) — Spirit, represented by the eyes. The Messias would receive the fulness of this spirit, Isaias xi. 2. (Calmet)

Ver. 7. Great mountain. So he calls the opposition made by the enemies of God’s people; which, nevertheless, without any army or might on their side, was quashed by divine Providence. (Challoner) — It may also mean Sion covered with ruins. — Chief; either the first or the last stone. (Calmet) — Equal grace. Shall add grace to grace, or beauty to beauty. (Challoner) — He shall greatly adorn it. Hebrew, “when they shall lift it (the stone) up, they will exclaim: Let it be agreeable and loved.” (Calmet) — Protestants, “He shall bring forth the head-stone thereof with shoutings, crying: Grace, grace unto it.” The people filled the air with their cries, when the temple was founded fourteen years before. (Haydock) — This second attempt shall be more successful. The temple was finished in four years, 1 Esdras v. 16., and vi. 16. (Calmet)

Ver. 10. Little days. That is, these small and feeble beginnings of the temple of God. (Challoner) — Ye of little faith shall rejoice when you shall behold Zorobabel surmounting all difficulties. (Calmet) — Plummet. Literally, “the stone of tin.” He means the builder’s plummet, which Zorobabel shall hold in his hand for the finishing the building. (Challoner) — The Hebrew style all weights stones, Deuteronomy xxv. 13. (Calmet) — Eyes. The providence of God, that oversees and orders all things; (Challoner) or the assistance of the seven chief angels, Tobias xii. 15., and Apocalypse i. 4. (Calmet)

Ver. 12. Branches: the divine and human nature in Christ. (Worthington) — They are the same with the two trees, ver. 11. (Calmet)

Ver. 14. Two sons of oil. That is, the two anointed ones of the Lord; viz., Jesus, the high priest, and Zorobabel, the prince. (Challoner) — The Hebrews have hot many adjectives. Thus they say, the son of perdition, for a lost son. Septuagint, “sons of fatness.” Aquila and Theodotion, “of splendour;” two illustrious personages. (Haydock) — One was head in religious, the other in civil matters. (Calmet) — Both were appointed by God, and co-operated for the welfare of the people, as the church and state ought to act for the common good, and assist each other. (Haydock) — Jesus and Zorobabel were to repair the damages done by the Chaldeans. They were assisted by the seven administering spirits, Hebrews i. 14. (Calmet)

Bible Text & Cross-references:

The vision of the golden candlestick and seven lamps, and of the two olive-trees. Zorobabel shall finish the building of the temple.

1 And the angel that spoke in me came again: and he waked me, as a man that is wakened out of his sleep.

2 And he said to me: What seest thou? And I said: I have looked, and behold a candlestick all of gold, and its lamp upon the top of it: and the seven lights thereof upon it: and seven funnels for the lights that were upon the top thereof.

3 And two olive-trees over it: one upon the right side of the lamp, and the other upon the left side thereof.

4 And I answered, and said to the angel that spoke in me, saying: What are these things, my lord?

5 And the angel that spoke in me answered, and said to me: Knowest thou not what these things are? And I said: No, my lord.

6 And he answered, and spoke to me, saying: This is the word of the Lord to Zorobabel, saying: Not with an army, nor by might, but by my spirit, saith the Lord of hosts.

7 Who art thou, O great mountain, before Zorobabel? thou shalt become a plain: and he shall bring out the chief stone, and shall give equal grace to the grace thereof.

8 And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:

9 The hands of Zorobabel have laid the foundations of this house, and his hands shall finish it: and you shall know that the Lord of hosts hath sent me to you.

10 For who hath despised little days? and they shall rejoice, and shall see the tin plummet in the hand of Zorobabel. These are the seven eyes of the Lord, that run to and fro through the whole earth.

11 And I answered, and said to him: What are these two olive-trees upon the right side of the candlestick, and upon the left side thereof?

12 And I answered again, and said to him: What are the two olive-branches, that are by the two golden beaks, in which are the funnels of gold?

13 And he spoke to me, saying: Knowest thou not what these are? And I said: No, my lord.

14 And he said: These are two sons of oil, who stand before the Lord of the whole earth.