2 Paralipomenon xv.
Notes & Commentary:
Ver. 1. Azarias is called Oded in Hebrew, ver. 8. (Calmet) — But he was his son. (Haydock) — There was a high priest of the name of Azarias, about the same time. (Menochius)
Ver. 2. With him. He will continue thus to protect you, if you prove faithful. The Pelagians hence inferred, that man was to prepare his own heart for the reception of grace. But the text only speaks of external aid; and though it were understood of internal grace, (Calmet) we may merit an increase of grace, by a faithful co-operation (Worthington) with that with which God has presented us. (Estius) (Calmet)
Ver. 3. Shall pass, is not found in Hebrew, &c., and many supply, “had been.” (Du Hamel) — The Jews, and some interpreters, would explain all this of what had passed already; (Calmet) and this is the idea of the Protestants, “Now, for a long season, Israel hath been without,” &c. (Haydock) — But the conclusion convinces us that this is a prediction; (ver. 7) take courage. You shall not be involved in these miseries. Some explain the whole of the kingdom of Israel, which, from its commencement till after its final ruin, persevered in its rebellion against the true God. (Sanctius) — Others think the kingdom of Juda was also concerned, and its state of captivity at Babylon foretold. (Lyranus) — But its full completion includes the latter ages, particularly after the murder of the Messias, (Tirinus) and seems of the same nature as the prophecy of Osee, (iii. 4.) as our Saviour himself insinuates, Matthew xxiv. 6, 9, 13. (Calmet)
Ver. 4. And when. Septuagint, “and he shall convert them to the Lord,…and shall be found by them.” (Haydock) — This will be verified in the last days, Romans xi. 26. (Menochius)
Ver. 5. Cometh in, in public or private transactions. See Leviticus xxvi. 36.
Ver. 6. Nation, both in the times of Baasa, who fought against Asa, and afterwards. For the same prophecy may be literally explained of more things than one. (Menochius) — Distress. Our Saviour says, Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, &c. But he that shall persevere to the end, he shall be saved. [Matthew xxiv. 9-13.]
Ver. 8. Azarias, the son, is omitted in Hebrew and the Vatican Septuagint, which reads Adad, (Haydock) but it is supplied in the other editions, and in the Syriac, (Calmet) as [in] ver. 1. (Haydock) — Taken: we do not read on what occasion, chap. xvii. 2. His father had seized upon Bethel, &c., chap. xiii. 19. (Calmet) — Yet Asa waged war himself with the king of Israel. — Dedicated. Septuagint, “renewed,” as the altar had been neglected, or injured by the continual fire; (Menochius) or this was the extraordinary (Haydock) altar, which Solomon had used at the dedication of the temple. The multitude of Asa’s victims required more than one, ver. 11. It is not probable that God’s worship had been neglected till the 15th year of this pious king, (ver. 9) since even his wicked father was punctual in this respect, chap. xiii. 11. Before, at the higher end of the priests’ court, to the east of the altar of holocausts. (Calmet)
Ver. 9. Simeon. This tribe was intimately connected with that of Juda, though many had revolted. Some afterwards returned, as they did from other parts, actuated either by motives of interest or of religion, chap. xxxiv. 6., and 3 Kings xi. 13. (Calmet)
Ver. 10. Month, Sivan, or May, when the feast of Pentecost occurs. (Menochius)
Ver. 11. Spoils, which they had sold, and now testified their gratitude. (Tirinus) — Rams. Protestants, “sheep.”
Ver. 12. He went. Hebrew and Septuagint, “They proceeded, according to the covenant, to seek.” (Haydock) — They swore upon the altar, or passed between the divided victims, Genesis xv. 9, 17. (Calmet) — This solemn act was usual, and more necessary in times of trouble. (Menochius)
Ver. 13. Said he, is not in Hebrew, &c. (Haydock) — Die, according to Deuteronomy xvii. 7.
Ver. 15. Curse. Hebrew, “oath.” (Menochius) — Septuagint, “all Juda rejoiced on account of the oath.” (Haydock)
Ver. 16. Mother, or grandmother. (Calmet) — There were perhaps two of the name, and Abia had married one as well as Roboam. (Menochius) — Deposed, &c. Hebrew, “from being queen.” Septuagint, “he removed Maacha,…that she should not minister to Astarte; and he cut the idol in pieces, and burnt it,” &c. (Haydock) — Syriac, “because she had celebrated a feast to idols.” But it seems she had set up a statue, which Asa burnt. See 3 Kings xv. 13. (Calmet) — Priapus is added by the Vulgate to explain [the] Hebrew, “the idol of, or in, the grove,” (Haydock) Asera or Astarte. (Calmet)
Ver. 17. Israel, to the honour only of the true God, chap. xiv. 2., and 3 Kings xv. 14. (Haydock) — Perfect, with respect to the external worship, (Tirinus) — Other altars, besides that at Jerusalem, might be dispensed with, (Worthington) by God’s authority. (Haydock)
Ver. 18. Vowed, in the wars against Jeroboam and Zara. See 1 Paralipomenon xxvi. 27.
Ver. 19. Year. Usher dates from the separation of the two kingdoms; and this year corresponds with the 15th of Asa, ver. 10. See 3 Kings xv. 16. (Calmet) (Torniel, the year of the world 3094.)
Bible Text & Cross-references:
The prophecy of Azarias. Asa’s covenant with God. He deposeth his mother.
1 And *the spirit of God came upon Azarias, the son of Oded,
2 And he went out to meet Asa, and said to him: Hear ye me, Asa, and all Juda and Benjamin: The Lord is with you, because you have been with him. If you seek him, you shall find: but if you forsake him, he will forsake you.
3 And many days shall pass in Israel, without the true God, and without a priest a teacher, and without the law.
4 And when in their distress, they shall return to the Lord, the God of Israel, and shall seek him, they shall find him.
5 At that time, there shall be no peace to him that goeth out and cometh in, but terrors on every side, among all the inhabitants of the earth.
6 For nation shall fight against nation, and city against city; for the Lord will trouble them with all distress.
7 Do you, therefore, take courage, and let not your hands be weakened: for there shall be a reward for your work.
8 And when Asa had heard the words, and the prophecy of Azarias, the son of Oded, the prophet, he took courage, and took away the idols out of all the land of Juda, and out of Benjamin, and out of the cities of Mount Ephraim, which he had taken, and he dedicated the altar of the Lord, which was before the porch of the Lord.
9 And he gathered together all Juda and Benjamin, and the strangers with them, of Ephraim, and Manasses, and Simeon: for many were come over to him out of Israel, seeing that the Lord, his God, was with him.
10 And when they were come to Jerusalem, in the third month, in the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa,
11 They sacrificed to the Lord in that day of the spoils, and of the prey, that they had brought, seven hundred oxen, and seven thousand rams.
12 And he went in to confirm as usual the covenant, that they should seek the Lord, the God of their fathers, with all their heart, and with all their soul.
13 And if any one, said he, seek not the Lord, the God of Israel, let him die, whether little or great, man or woman.
14 And they swore to the Lord with a loud voice, with joyful shouting, and with sound of trumpet, and sound of cornets,
15 All that mere in Juda with a curse: for with all their heart they swore, and with all their will they sought him, and they found him, and the Lord gave them rest round about.
16 Moreover, Maacha, the mother of king Asa, he deposed from the royal authority, because she had made in a grove an idol of Priapus: and he entirely destroyed it, and breaking it into pieces, burnt it at the torrent Cedron.
17 But high places were left in Israel: nevertheless, the heart of Asa was perfect all his days.
18 And the things which his father had vowed, and he himself had vowed, he brought into the house of the Lord, gold and silver, and vessels, of divers uses.
19 And there was no war unto the five and thirtieth year of the kingdom of Asa.
1: Year of the World 3063.