Notes & Commentary:
Ver. 1. Me. The prophet in Chaldea, saw in spirit what was doing at Jerusalem. (Worthington) — Men. Magistrates. (Prado.) (Tirinus) (Menochius) — Jezonias, perhaps mentioned [in] chap. viii. 11. (Calmet)
Ver. 3. Built, &c. These men despised the predictions and threats of the prophets; who declared to them from God, that the city should be destroyed and the inhabitants carried into captivity: and they made use of this kind of argument against the prophets, that the city so far from being like to be destroyed, had lately been augmented by the building of new houses; from whence they further inferred, by way of a proverb, using the similitude of a cauldron, out of which the flesh is not taken till it is thoroughly boiled and fit to be eaten, that they should not be carried away out of their city, but there end their days in peace. (Challoner) — They thought themselves secure, (Worthington) and laughed at the menaces of Jeremias, i. 15. (Calmet) — Hebrew, “The destruction is not soon coming. Let us build;” (Pagnin; Menochius) or, “It is not time to build.” (Calmet)
Ver. 6. Slain, under Manasses, &c. (Tirinus)
Ver. 7. Cauldron. I will explain the prediction, which you turn to ridicule. Those whom you have slain, are like the flesh (Calmet) boiled. (Haydock) — But you shall be treated still worse, being led captives and slain. (Calmet) — They feared wars, but had no dread of captivity. (Worthington)
Ver. 10. Israel. They pretended that they should die in peace in Jerusalem: God tells them it should not be so, but that they should be judged and condemned, and fall by the sword in the borders of Israel; viz., in Reblatha, in the land of Emath, where all their chief men were put to death by order of Nabuchodonosor, 4 Kings xxv., and Jeremias lii. 10, 27. (Challoner)
Ver. 12. But you. Some copies of Septuagint have, “neither have you done,” chap. v. 7.
Ver. 13. Pheltias, the prince, (ver. 1.; Haydock) or false prophet, whose death Ezechiel does not bewail, but fears the great destruction of the people; (Worthington; Menochius) though, if Pheltias died impenitent, his death might justly call for tears. (Haydock) — This happened in a vision. Yet (Calmet) he probably died suddenly about his time. (Lyranus)
Ver. 15. Thy brethren, &c. He speaks of them that had been carried away captives before, who were despised by them that remained in Jerusalem; but, as the prophet here declares to them from God, should be in a more happy condition than they, and after some time return from their captivity. (Challoner) — David had been insulted in like manner, 1 Kings xxvi. 19. (Calmet)
Ver. 16. A little. Hebrew, “for a short time, a sanctuary,” or temple. They shall find all things in me. The Christian Church was never more pure than during the first persecutions, when her children could not assemble freely, or build temples. (Calmet) — God will never totally abandon her, Jeremias iv. 27., &c. (Worthington)
Ver. 18. Scandals: idols. They relapsed no more into idolatry, (Calmet) as a nation, though some fell in the persecution of Epiphanes. (Haydock)
Ver. 19. One. Septuagint, “another.” They have read (Calmet) acher for echad, “one.” (Haydock)
Ver. 21. Head. I will punish them as their crimes deserve. (Calmet)
Ver. 23. Mount Olivet, whence he might behold the conflagration of the city, before his ascent into heaven. (Menochius) — He leaves his habitation by degrees, to shew how Jerusalem would be treated, and the Jews suffer after the ascension of our Saviour. Theodoret well observes, that the person on the throne represented Him, the upper part of the body being different from the lower, (chap. i. 26.) to denote the two natures. (Calmet)
Bible Text & Cross-references:
A prophecy against the presumptuous assurance of the great ones. A remnant shall be saved, and receive a new spirit and a new heart.
1 And *the spirit lifted me up, and brought me into the east gate of the house of the Lord, which looketh towards the rising of the sun: and behold in the entry of the gate five and twenty men: and I saw in the midst of them Jezonias, the son of Azur, and Pheltias, the son of Banaias, princes of the people.
2 And he said to me: Son of man, these are the men that study iniquity, and frame a wicked counsel in this city,
3 Saying: Were not houses lately built? This city is the cauldron, and we the flesh.
4 Therefore prophesy against them, prophesy, thou son of man.
5 And the Spirit of the Lord fell upon me, and said to me: Speak: Thus saith the Lord: Thus have you spoken, O house of Israel, for I know the thoughts of your heart.
6 You have killed a great many in this city, and you have filled the streets thereof with the slain.
7 Therefore thus saith the Lord God: Your slain, whom you have laid in the midst thereof, they are the flesh, and this is the cauldron: and I will bring you forth out of the midst thereof.
8 You have feared the sword, and I will bring the sword upon you, saith the Lord God.
9 And I will cast you out of the midst thereof, and I will deliver you into the hand of the enemies, and I will execute judgments upon you.
10 You shall fall by the sword: I will judge you in the borders of Israel, and you shall know that I am the Lord.
11 This shall not be as a cauldron to you, and you shall not be as flesh in the midst thereof: I will judge you in the borders of Israel.
12 And you shall know that I am the Lord: because you have not walked in my commandments, and have not done my judgments, but you have done according to the judgments of the nations that are round about you.
13 And it came to pass, when I prophesied, that Pheltias, the son of Banaias, died: and I fell down upon my face, and cried with a loud voice: and said: Alas, alas, alas, O Lord God: wilt thou make an end of all the remnant of Israel?
14 And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:
15 Son of man, thy brethren, thy brethren, thy kinsmen, and all the house of Israel, all they to whom the inhabitants of Jerusalem have said: Get ye far from the Lord, the land is given in possession to us.
16 Therefore thus saith the Lord God: Because I have removed them far off among the Gentiles, and because I have scattered them among the countries, I will be to them a little sanctuary in the countries whither they are come.
17 Therefore, speak to them: Thus saith the Lord God: I will gather you from among the peoples, and assemble you out of the countries wherein you are scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel.
18 And they shall go in thither, and shall take away all the scandals, and all the abominations thereof from thence.
19 *And I will give them one heart, and will put a new spirit in their bowels: and I will take away the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them a heart of flesh:
20 That they may walk in my commandments, and keep my judgments, and do them: and that they may be my people, and I may be their God.
21 But as for them whose heart walketh after their scandals and abominations, I will lay their way upon their head, saith the Lord God.
22 And the cherubims lifted up their wings, and the wheels with them: and the glory of the God of Israel was over them.
23 And the glory of the Lord went up from the midst of the city, and stood over the mount that is on the east side of the city.
24 And the spirit lifted me up, and brought me into Chaldea to them of the captivity, in vision, by the spirit of God: and the vision which I had seen was taken up from me.
25 And I spoke to them of the captivity all the words of the Lord, which he had shewn me.
1: Year of the World 3410.
19: Jeremias xxxi. 39.; Ezechiel xxxvi. 26.