Notes & Commentary:
Ver. 2. Blood. Why dost thou cease to admonish and rebuke the people? (Worthington) — Pronounce sentence on Jerusalem, (Haydock) for her cruelties. (Calmet)
Ver. 6. Hath. Septuagint, “was mixed with his relations,” ver. 10., &c., (Haydock) fighting against them. (Theodoret)
Ver. 8. Sabbaths, by servile works, and by their sinful deportment.
Ver. 9. Slanderers, hateful to all, Leviticus xix. 16., and Proverbs xi. 13. — Mountains. Chap. xviii. 6.
Ver. 10. Father, his widow, their mother-in-law, or one of his wives.
Ver. 12. Increase. Chap. xviii. 18. (Calmet) — Me. “The remembrance of God excludes all sins.” (St. Jerome)
Ver. 13. Hands, through surprise and sorrow. (Calmet) — God wishes the sinner’s salvation, Genesis vi. 6. (Worthington)
Ver. 15. In thee. I will purify thee by violent medicines. (Calmet)
Ver. 16. Possess, “as an inheritance:” (Septuagint; Haydock) “I will defile:” (Aquila) “wound thee.” (Symmachus) Hebrew is very different: (Calmet) “thou hast inherited in thyself,” (Haydock) being no longer willing to be subject.
Ver. 18. Dross. Hebrew, “a mixture.” Septuagint, “God will purify the silver,” Isaias iv. 4.
Ver. 24. Rained upon, or watered with the instructions of the prophets, chap. xx. 46.
Ver. 25. Conspiracy. The false prophets defend each other, (Calmet) while the priests connive at their proceedings, (Haydock) and set the example of wickedness.
Ver. 28. Without. Septuagint, “they shall fall, seeing,” &c.
Ver. 30. None like Abraham, Moses, &c. (Calmet) — The prayers of the just are very powerful; and God wishes them to exert themselves for sinners. (St. Jerome) (Worthington)
Bible Text & Cross-references:
The general corruption of the inhabitants of Jerusalem: for which God will consume them as dross in his furnace.
1 And the word of the Lord came to me, *saying:
2 And thou son of man, dost thou not judge, dost thou not judge the city of blood?
3 And thou shalt shew her all her abominations, and shalt say: Thus saith the Lord God: This is the city that sheddeth blood in the midst of her, that her time may come: and that hath made idols against herself, to defile herself.
4 Thou art become guilty in thy blood which thou hast shed: and thou art defiled in thy idols which thou hast made: and thou hast made thy days to draw near, and hast brought on the time of thy years: therefore have I made thee a reproach to the Gentiles, and a mockery to all countries.
5 Those that are near, and those that are far from thee, shall triumph over thee: thou filthy one, infamous, great in destruction.
6 Behold the princes of Israel, every one hath employed his arm in thee, to shed blood.
7 They have abused father and mother in thee; they have oppressed the stranger in the midst of thee; they have grieved the fatherless and widow in thee.
8 Thou hast despised my sanctuaries, and profaned my sabbaths.
9 Slanderers have been in thee to shed blood, and they have eaten upon the mountains in thee, they have committed wickedness in the midst of thee.
10 They have discovered the nakedness of their father in thee, they have humbled the uncleanness of the menstruous woman in thee.
11 *And every one hath committed abomination with his neighbour’s wife, and the father-in-law hath wickedly defiled his daughter-in-law, the brother hath oppressed his sister, the daughter of his father, in thee.
12 They have taken gifts in thee to shed blood; thou hast taken usury and increase, and hast covetously oppressed thy neighbours; and thou hast forgotten me, saith the Lord God.
13 Behold, I have clapped my hands at thy covetousness, which thou hast exercised; and at the blood that hath been shed in the midst of thee.
14 Shall thy heart endure, or shall thy hands prevail, in the days which I will bring upon thee? I, the Lord, have spoken, and will do it.
15 And I will disperse thee in the nations, and will scatter thee among the countries, and I will put an end to thy uncleanness in thee.
16 And I will possess thee in the sight of the Gentiles, and thou shalt know that I am the Lord.
17 And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:
18 Son of man, the house of Israel is become dross to me: all these are brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace: they are become the dross of silver.
19 Therefore, thus saith the Lord God: Because you are all turned into dross, therefore, behold, I will gather you together in the midst of Jerusalem.
20 As they gather silver, and brass, and tin, and iron, and lead, in the midst of the furnace, that I may kindle a fire in it to melt it: so will I gather you together in my fury and in my wrath, and will take my rest: and I will melt you down.
21 And I will gather you together, and will burn you in the fire of my wrath, and you shall be melted in the midst thereof.
22 As silver is melted in the midst of the furnace, so shall you be in the midst thereof: and you shall know that I am the Lord, when I have poured out my indignation upon you.
23 And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:
24 Son of man, say to her: Thou art a land that is unclean, and not rained upon in the day of wrath.
25 There is a conspiracy of prophets in the midst thereof: like a lion that roareth and catcheth the prey, they have devoured souls; they have taken riches and hire, they have made many widows in the midst thereof.
26 Her priests have despised my law, and have defiled my sanctuaries: they have put no difference between holy and profane: nor have distinguished between the polluted and the clean: and they have turned away their eyes from my sabbaths, and I was profaned in the midst of them.
27 *Her princes in the midst of her, are like wolves ravening the prey to shed blood, and to destroy souls, and to run after gains, through covetousness.
28 And her prophets have daubed them without tempering the mortar, seeing vain things, and divining lies unto them, saying: Thus saith the Lord God: when the Lord hath not spoken.
29 The people of the land have used oppression, and committed robbery: they afflicted the needy and poor, and they oppressed the stranger by calumny without judgment.
30 And I sought among them for a man that might set up a hedge, and stand in the gap before me in favour of the land, that I might not destroy it: and I found none.
31 And I poured out my indignation upon them; in the fire of my wrath I consumed them: I have rendered their way upon their own head, saith the Lord God.
1: Year of the World 3411.
11: Jeremias v. 8.
27: Micheas iii. 11.; Sophonias iii. 3.