1 Paralipomenon xviii.
Notes & Commentary:
Ver. 1. Daughters. Villages (See 2 Kings viii. 1.; Menochius) and dependant towns. (Worthington)
Ver. 2. Gifts. Hebrew mincha, a word used to denote the offerings of bread, &c., Leviticus ii. Here it signifies the tribute (Calmet) imposed on the conquered. (Haydock)
Ver. 3. Adarezer, or Adadezer, 2 Kings. — When he, the king of Soba, went to extend. Hebrew, “to strengthened his hand on the,” &c. — Hand often denotes power, extent, possession.
Ver. 4. Footmen. Hebrew may well signify, “1000 chariot-horses and 7000 men who mounted the chariots and the horses.” We only find 1700 horsemen, 2 Kings viii. 4. But soon after it is added, David houghed all the chariot-horses. (Calmet) — They were thus rendered useless. The king was forbidden to keep many horses. (Du Hamel)
Ver. 5. Damascus. Hebrew, “Aram of Darmesek.” Elsewhere the r is omitted.
Ver. 6. A garrison. Literally, “soldiers.” This word has been lost by the neglect of some Hebrew transcriber. (Calmet) — Protestants supply it. (Haydock)
Ver. 7. Quivers. Hebrew, “the shields,” &c. The term is variously translated, 2 Kings.
Ver. 8. Chun, called probably Betath, and Berothai, 2 Kings.
Ver. 10. Adoram, or Joram, 2 Kings. — Desire. Hebrew, “to ask if all went well with him, and to bless him.
Ver. 11. Edom, or rather Syria, (Aram) which might easily be exchanged for Edom, 2 Kings viii. David could not satisfy his devotion by building a temple; but he made preparations. Solomon left part of the treasures unconsumed, 1 Paralipomenon xxvi. 26. (Calmet) — These effects, being destined for sacred uses, are said to be consecrated to the Lord. (Worthington)
Ver. 12. Edomites. David seems to have been present, and the victory is sometimes attributed to him. Joab afterwards slew 18,000, 3 Kings xi. 15., and title of Psalm ix. (St. Jerome, Trad.) (Calmet) — Pits. This place was fatal to that nation: there Amasias destroyed 20,000, 2 Paralipomenon xxv. 12. (Tirinus)
Ver. 16. Abiathar and Achimelech had both names indifferently. Hebrew reads Abimelech, which is a manifest mistake. The name of Abiathar perhaps ought to be in the place of Achimelech; as we know that he was the son of the latter, and the high priest under David. Some would translate, “and Abiathar, son of Achimelech.” — Susa, or Saraias, secretary.
Ver. 17. About. Literally, “at the hand of the king,” to execute his orders, and to assist him. Septuagint, “vicegerents.” Syriac, “princes.” They are styled priests, 2 Kings viii. 18.
Bible Text & Cross-references:
David’s victories. His chief officers.
1 And *it came to pass after this, that David defeated the Philistines, and humbled them, and took away Geth, and her daughters, out of the hands of the Philistines:
2 And he defeated Moab, and the Moabites were made David’s servants, and brought him gifts.
3 At that time David defeated also Adarezer, king of Soba, of the land of Hemath, when he went to extend his dominions as far as the river Euphrates.
4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen, and he houghed all the chariot-horses, only a hundred chariots, which he reserved for himself.
5 And the Syrians of Damascus came also to help Adarezer king of Soba: and David slew of them likewise two and twenty thousand men.
6 And he put a garrison in Damascus, that Syria also should serve him, and bring gifts. And the Lord assisted him in all things to which he went.
7 And David took the golden quivers, which the servants of Adarezer had, and he brought them to Jerusalem.
8 Likewise out of Thebath and Chun, cities of Adarezer, he brought very much brass, of which Solomon made the brazen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass.
9 Now when Thou, king of Hemath, heard that David had defeated all the army of Adarezer, king of Soba,
10 He sent Adoram, his son, to king David, to desire peace of him, and to congratulate him that he had defeated and overthrown Adarezer: for Thou was an enemy to Adarezer.
11 And all the vessels of gold, and silver, and brass, king David consecrated to the Lord; with the silver and gold which he had taken from all the nations, as well from Edom, and from Moab, and from the sons of Ammon, as from the Philistines, and from Amalec.
12 And Abisai, the son of Sarvia, slew of the Edomites, in the vale of the Saltpits, eighteen thousand:
13 And he put a garrison in Edom, that Edom should serve David: and the Lord preserved David in all things to which he went.
14 So David reigned over all Israel, and executed judgment and justice among all his people.
15 And Joab, the son of Sarvia, was over the army: and Josaphat, the son of Ahilud, recorder:
16 And Sadoc, the son of Achitob, and Achimelech, the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Susa, scribe.
17 And Banaias, the son of Joiada, was over the bands of the Cerethi and the Phelethi: and the sons of David were chief about the king.
1: 2 Kings viii. 1.; Year of the World 2960, Year before Christ 1044.