Notes & Commentary:
Ver. 1. Petra. Hebrew selah, “the rock.” (Haydock) — Our Saviour sprung from Ruth, the Moabitess. (Menochius) — The original may insinuate, that the king of the country had neglected to pay the usual tribute to Juda, 4 Kings iii. 4. (Calmet) — “Send the lamb to the ruler,” &c. (Tournemine.) Amid scenes of distress, the prophet perceives that the Saviour will proceed from one of this nation. (Worthington)
Ver. 2. Arnon. They shall not be able to fly over, or to escape the conqueror.
Ver. 3. Night. Seek a retreat in the darkest places; or protect Israel when they shall flee before the Assyrians. Their cruelty is thus insinuated, Amos i.
Ver. 4. Dust. Theglathphalassar. I need not exhort you to receive my people, as I know your dispositions, and they are out of danger. (Calmet)
Ver. 5. Just. This regards Christ, (St. Jerome) prefigured by (Haydock) Ezechias. (Calmet)
Ver. 7. Walls. Hebrew, “Kir-hareseth,” chap. xv. 1. (Haydock)
Ver. 8. Lords. Princes of Jerusalem, (Lamentations i. 1.) or of Assyria. (Calmet) — Sea. Of Sodom, even as far as Jazer, (Haydock) in the tribe of Ruben. (Calmet)
Ver. 9. My tears. Chap. xv. 5. (Haydock) — I announce a different sort of music from that which is customary in times of harvest, and of vintage. The liquor shall be tears, chap. lxiii. 2., and Jeremias xlviii. 32, 33. (Calmet)
Ver. 10. Carmel. This name is often taken to signify a fair and fruitful hill or field, such as Mount Carmel is. (Challoner) — It means, “the vine of God.” (Calmet)
Ver. 11. Wall. Kir-hareseth, ver. 7. I am grieved at your misfortunes. (Calmet)
Ver. 12. Prevail. Chamos shall not be able to help them.
Ver. 13. That time. A long while ago, Psalm xcii. 2.
Ver. 14. Not many. It was laid waste in the third year of Ezechias. But its final destruction took place only five years after that of Jerusalem. (Calmet) — The wars against Moab continued three years, after which it was reduced to servitude. (Worthington)
Bible Text & Cross-references:The prophet prayeth for Christ’s coming. The affliction of the Moabites for their pride.
1 Send forth, O Lord, the lamb, the ruler of the earth, from Petra of the desert, to the mount of the daughter of Sion.
2 And it shall come to pass, that as a bird fleeing away, and as young ones flying out of the nest, so shall the daughters of Moab be in the passage of Arnon.
3 Take counsel, gather a council: make thy shadow as the night in the mid-day: hide them that flee, and betray not them that wander about.
4 My fugitives shall dwell with thee: O Moab, be thou a covert to them from the face of the destroyer: for the dust is at an end, the wretch is consumed: he hath failed, that trod the earth under foot.
5 And a throne shall be prepared in mercy, and one shall sit upon it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging and seeking judgment, and quickly rendering that which is just.
6 *We have heard of the pride of Moab, he is exceedingly proud: his pride and his arrogancy, and his indignation, is more than his strength.
7 Therefore shall Moab howl to Moab, every one shall howl: to them that rejoice upon the brick walls, tell ye their stripes.
8 For the suburbs of Hesebon are desolate, and the lords of the nations have destroyed the vineyard of Sabama: the branches thereof have reached even to Jazer: they have wandered in the wilderness, the branches thereof are left, they are gone over the sea.
9 Therefore, I will lament with the weeping of Jazer, the vineyard of Sabama: I will water thee with my tears, O Hesebon, and Eleale: for the voice of the treaders hath rushed in upon thy vintage, and upon thy harvest.
10 And gladness and joy shall be taken away from Carmel, and there shall be no rejoicing nor shouting in the vineyards. He shall not tread out wine in the press that was wont to tread it out: the voice of the treaders I have taken away.
11 Wherefore my bowels shall sound like a harp for Moab, and my inward parts for the brick wall.
12 And it shall come to pass, when it is seen that Moab is wearied on his high places, that he shall go into his sanctuaries to pray, and shall not prevail.
13 This is the word, that the Lord spoke to Moab from that time:
14 And now the Lord hath spoken, saying: In three years, as the years of a hireling, the glory of Moab shall be taken away for all the multitude of the people, and it shall be left small and feeble, not many.
6: Jeremias xlviii. 29.